Targeted Muscle Reinnervation (TMR)

The Concept of Targeted Muscle Reinnervation: Targeted Muscle Reinnervation involves surgically rerouting residual nerves from the amputated limb to nearby muscles that remain functional. This procedure aims to provide a new pathway for the brain to receive sensory and motor signals, effectively reducing phantom limb sensations.

Benefits of Targeted Muscle Reinnervation for Phantom Limb Pain:

Pain Relief: TMR offers significant pain reduction by establishing functional nerve connections, allowing the brain to receive accurate sensory signals from the residual limb.

Enhanced Functionality: Reinnervated muscles can be used to control prosthetic devices more intuitively, restoring lost movement and improving overall functionality.

Neural Plasticity: TMR encourages the brain’s ability to reorganise itself, leading to the formation of new connections that help diminish maladaptive pain pathways.

Improved Prosthetic Control: TMR can enhance the connection between the brain and the prosthetic limb, enabling amputees to control their artificial limb with greater precision.


Targeted Muscle Reinnervation (TMR) stands as a revolutionary technique in addressing the complexities of phantom limb pain. By rerouting residual nerves to functional muscles, TMR offers precision and relief, providing a tangible path to a life with reduced pain and enhanced functionality.

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